Nothing I write is a replacement for experience, but having some conceptual understandings may take away from some of the mystery of the elusive double reed. My goal is to let this blog become a resource for my own oboe students and oboe reed making students. "position": "absolute", var scriptURL = ''; } I know you commented a very long time ago, but life is finally slowing down enough due to the pandemic that I am able to answer some questions and hopefully write some new articles. Even if you use a different wrap point our approach will still make it easier to compare shapes. I was also wondering if you leave a reed after you tie it without scraping and opening the tip. ":hover": { ... Oboe Reed Cases . This is a balancing game like everything else in reed making. }, The standard oboe staple is 47mm long and comes in a variety of styles and materials. Learn how to tie on a reed and understand the importance of a good blank. The young reed maker may need to gain experience with picking usable cane, so they may decide to split every piece of tube cane to gain a better understanding of the process and what to discard. Longer staples will make flatter reeds, shorter staples will make sharper oboe reeds. The internal dimension of any double reed is going to affect the pitch of the reed. I hope to provide a lot more information to students that want to learn how to make oboe reeds. "padding-bottom": "15px" Tie Length Tying your reeds slightly shorter may help the reed seal and create a “wider shape”, therefore making a slightly larger opening. } "buttonDestination": "checkout", "padding-top": "15px", 1. }, } The excess cane must be removed with a pre-gouging machine or planing board and planer. "imgWithCarousel": true, } "@media (min-width: 601px)": { "left": "0", I remove cane over a period of several days of soaking and drying periods to provide greater stability in the finished oboe reed. "cart": { ":focus": { This is due to the side of the blade catching the oboe cane at a slightly different angle related to the cane width. Those frequencies vibrate more easily with a wider reed, and less easily on a narrow reed. Quality Oboe Reeds are handmade from scratch and hand finished to order. Let me try to explain this; let’s say we use the same gouging machine consistently and it is set up to have a certain center and side thickness and curve. }, A curved metal, tube-like attachment to several double reed instruments, such as Oboe D'Amore, English horn and Bassoon. Rather than measuring the total length of a blank, period players regularly discuss the length of the staple and the length of the lay—the point }, I am making the case that all double reeds are going to show similarities due to my experience with the oboe family, and my limited knowledge about bassoon reeds. }, A more advanced reed maker may decide their reeds are too sharp for their needs and decide to change the shaper tip dimensions and not their air. Please see below for information directly from LC Double Reeds including use and washing guidelines. I do not think it is a problem to make blanks and then leave them without scraping them at all, but when I come back to said blanks I will soak them, then scrape them, and then let them dry again before opening the tip. "margin-left": "0px", So much depends on the diameter of the cane itself, and I think, after all this time, the staple and mandrel don’t make a big enough difference. Having a holistic understanding of every variable will ultimatly lead to better reeds. I was stubborn and needed to learn to make oboe reeds in my own way, even while my teacher was shaking his head. I do not wish to get into that topic here but I do acknowledge it and think it is something to consider when discussing  a shaper tip dimensions. I suggest using pre-gouged oboe cane with a width of around 8mm. "background-color": "#148ef1", I have two mandrels – one is a larger dimension than the other. This is sometimes to the point of being unconscious, but it is like your body’s way of saying “ohh gheeze, close this reed down so I am not working so hard!”. A little more resistance than the beginning reed, allowing for a wider dynamic range. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Tie correctly onto the tube with the correct tie length. An oboist recently wrote to me with some questions about shaper tip dimensions and what qualities different shapes affect. } else { I believe these are going to be relevant criteria to evaluate any double reed against. I clip and thin the tip so the reed is stable and not overly resistant. The wrap point (5.1mm) is assigned a value of zero. I continue to thin directly behind the heart and balance to that adjustment by clipping the tip and again thinning the sides of the tip. Question: What is the difference between oboe reeds made from cane gouged with a C/S (centre to side ratio) of 0.15 and 0.18? Send me a check for $300 and I will tell you…. I am a perfectionist about processes and making them as efficient as possible. "background-color": "#148ef1", Please feel free to comment with your insights into learning how to make oboe reeds, I love talking shop with other oboe reed makers. I wrote a short article on adjusting flat oboe reeds without any tools. Great care must be taken to ensure the sides of the cane do not leak, that the oboe reed is not over-wrapped past the end of the staple (47mm), that the cane is straight and not tilted to one side or the other, and that the thread tension is tight throughout the entire tying process to ensure the wrap is tight and does not become unraveled. Buy MMEA oboe audition music; Western District, oboe cane to be “gouged, shaped, and folded”. The height of the reed opening is going to affect the response in a different way. That is the point when the pressure within the body is too great and the external pressure in the mouth closes the reed. It will promote a loose embouchure but will lack some depth in the lower partials of the sound (for me at least). I have done both and again it doesn’t seem to matter which I do as far as controlling the opening of the reed. Question: after tying the reed .do you let it stand for a day before you scrape some of the tip and actually clip the reed open or clip it open immediately? Internal. The standard length for a staple is 47mm in the United States. How does shape effect intonation. "padding-bottom": "15px", This breakdown is by no means the rule, but it may provide students with a framework for learning how to make oboe reeds. A wider shape should have slightly thicker sides in relation to the center in my opinion. The external and the internal dimensions. I usually use get cane that is shaped at Gilbert #1 and I tie my reeds to 72 1/2 mm. "img": { The folded oboe cane is now placed over a shaper tip and clamped onto the shaper handle. I wonder if anyone has experimented or found information to determine the effect the following have on oboe reed intonation. This information is based on my own observations, so a reed maker/oboist with a different physical build and set-up may have a deep rich sound using a very narrow shape. The width of the shaper tipe will affect the volume of space within the reed. This will usually be a little shorter on a thick-wall staple and a little longer on a thin-wall staple, though I have come across staples that do not follow that logic due to the opening dimensions of the staples. })(); This is going to be the most difficult to express in terms of the internal dimension of the reed alone. In the case of a very narrow shape, the blank may need to be tied shorter at 58 - 59 mm. That just goes to further show that every reed is slightly different. "right": "0", I continue to define the tip and integrate the tip to the heart. Oboe reeds, bassoon reeds and bagpipe reeds too. Cane that is not straight or has a curve should be discarded. "padding-top": "15px", The internal dimension of the oboe reed is going to affect”The Big Three” (oboe reed intonation, response and resistance) to varying degrees. I personally want to open my embouchure with very little pressure on the reed, play right on the tip of the reed, and use a lot of support to create a very high-pressure stream of air. For the more advanced oboist. "styles": { "button": "Add to cart" Most shapers are designed for an initial reed length of 72mm. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. This can be thought of on a large scale as the difference between the tuba and the piccolo. When we have all the same variables and we change the internal dimension of the reed the pitch will also change slightly. These cut to length pieces of oboe cane can be referred to as “oboe cane segments” by oboe cane sellers. I try to get the reed vibrating freely with a harsh crow, with no concern for overall pitch or the pitches within the rattle. A razor blade is used to take the cane off the sides until it has the same curve as the shaper tip. or if you scrape some off the tip and cut it open. The following is not a rule for how oboe reeds must be made, but it is my own method and may provide some insight. We may then infer that a reed may become less responsive when the pressure within the body is greater than the reed needs to vibrate optimally. But even if a player could afford that expense, there is the nettlesome question of its “embouchure”: how each reed fits, feels, and vibrates between your lips, and … script.src = scriptURL; Aaron Lakota 10 mer………. oboe reed tie on length The length of the oboe reed blank will be 71mm–74mm dependent on the shaper dimensions. "buttonWithQuantity": true }, Certain qualities of the internal dimensions of the reed will increase the responsiveness of a reed, where others will decrease it. A good reed is responsive, balanced, and stable. A wider tip opening is going to positively affect response in the lower registers of the instrument. }); Ready to buy oboe reeds that are simply the best? Scraping behind the heart will usually bring out the 2nd “C” and scraping a few Millimeters  (5–8) above the thread often brings out the 3rd “C”. "styles": { "toggle": { I prefer a smaller opening, same as you. The shaped oboe cane is placed onto the staple and thread is wrapped around the cane and staple until it is knotted at the end several times. "padding-top": "calc(75% + 15px)", The flair of the shape is going to affect qualities as well as the width at different points, where the reed is tied, what staples ad nauseam. A narrow shaper will provide an oboe reed that has more pitch stability throughout the entire range. I suggest the tie on length be around 72mm for a great seal. "quantityInput": { "modalProduct": { The oboist will learn to make oboe reeds to suit their specific needs with time. 5.1mm is a "typical" wrap point. Buy oboe … ":hover": { "margin-left": "-20px" We can adjust the reed’s internal or external dimensions to compensate so we don’t need to change the internal bodily sensations. This is an old model and has been replaced by this. I personally like to make my reeds have a fairly closed opening because I feel it gives the reeds more depth of tone, pitch stability, and greater response for my style of playing. Shavings are progressively taken away from the cane until no more can be removed (assuming the gouger is set up properly). "text": { "@media (min-width: 601px)": { I am going to leave this as that. } A piece of cane that is not pre-gouged properly will change the gouge dimensions of the cane. The gouge of the oboe cane must also be considered when speaking of tone and pitch, so shape alone determines only tendencies, not absolutes. Suggested tie on length is 72mm dependant on staples. }, Perhaps this is due to developing a greater understanding of support related to air volume, and striving for efficiency in my own playing. (function () { Staples can be used to compensate/balance the qualities of shape and gouge. ShopifyBuyInit(); Finding the balance will allow the musician to make music without being limited to their tools, in this case the reed. As with Baroque oboe, the bottom halves of staples are covered with thread rather than cork. A gouging machine is basically a curved blade which moves along a guide. That is again a topic for an oboe reed making book in itself. This will also lead to tension within the body. "background-color": "#1280d9" In just a few steps you can have a great oboe reed. I start to define the “V” tip slightly, removing cane from the sides of the reed and staying away from the center. It is not my point to say a reed should be A, B and C, but that if the internal dimension changes it will likely affect the reed in such a way. This is another topic altogether, though, one worthy of its own discussion. These measurements are referring to the measurement of the curving part of the cane (the half moon) .60mm in the center and .47mm on the sides. I suggest these be removed with a sharp beveled knife with great care to remove them in their entirety. The ears are the small protrusions at the tip of the blank that were left from the shaping process. We can think of double reeds as a little instrument. If you changed staple … I think that when talking about the reed width we are essentially talking about  something correlating to the volume of the space within the reed. Promotion Available. loadScript(); Wider shapes will respond better in lower registers.   The smaller the internal volume between the two blades, the less energy that must be transfered from the body to the reed via the air. Allow the reed to dry in the shaper. domain: '', Response is a measurement of how easily the reed starts to vibrate. ?Merry Xmas and all that. Happy obo(e)ing, /*